CitiesFr. Ryan Humphries

Edinburgh

CitiesFr. Ryan Humphries
Edinburgh
Half a capital and half a country town, the whole city leads a double existence; it has long trances of the one and flashes of the other; like the king of the Black Isles, it is half alive and half a monumental marble.
— Robert Louis Stevenson
 

Edinburgh is the capital of Scotland and has been since the 15th century. The city is THE center of culture, government and business in the north of the great island. Edinburgh is Scotland's second most populous city and the seventh most populous in the United Kingdom.

History

The earliest known human habitation in the Edinburgh area was at Cramond, where evidence was found of a Mesolithic camp site dated to c. 8500 BC. Traces of later Bronze Age and Iron Age settlements have been found on Castle Rock, Arthur's Seat, Craiglockhart Hill and the Pentland Hills.

When the Romans arrived in Lothian at the end of the 1st century AD, they found a Celtic Brittonic tribe whose name they recorded as the Votadini. At some point before the 7th century AD, the Gododdin, who were presumably descendants of the Votadini, built the hill fort of Din Eidyn or Etin.

In 1603, King James VI of Scotland succeeded to the English throne, uniting the crowns of Scotland and England in a personal union known as the Union of the Crowns, though Scotland remained, in all other respects, a separate kingdom.

By the first half of the 18th century, despite rising prosperity evidenced by its growing importance as a banking centre, Edinburgh was described as one of Europe's most densely populated, overcrowded and unsanitary towns.

Although Edinburgh's traditional industries of printing, brewing and distilling continued to grow in the 19th century, and were joined by new rubber works and engineering works, there was little industrialisation compared with other cities in Britain. By 1821, Edinburgh had been overtaken by Glasgow as Scotland's largest city.

Since the 1990s a new "financial district", including the Edinburgh International Conference Centre, has grown mainly on demolished railway property to the west of the castle, stretching into Fountainbridge, a run-down 19th-century industrial suburb which has undergone radical change since the 1980s with the demise of industrial and brewery premises. This ongoing development has enabled Edinburgh to maintain its place as the United Kingdom's second largest financial and administrative centre after London. Financial services now account for a third of all commercial office space in the city.

Points of Interest

Edinburgh has many museums: National Museum of Scotland, the National Library of Scotland, National War Museum, the Museum of Edinburgh, Surgeons' Hall Museum, the Writers' Museum, the Museum of Childhood and Our Dynamic Earth.

Edinburgh is also home to many popular street festivals and sports a huge pub scene with lots of local color in the personality of it's residents!

Famous Edinburgians

  • Adam Smith, Economist
  • Sir Walter Scott, Author & Historian
  • Robert Louis Stevenson, Author
  • Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, Author
  • JK Rowling, Author
  • John Napier, Scientist, invented "Logarithms"
  • James Clerk Maxwell, Physicist
  • Alexander Graham Bell, Scientist & Inventor
  • Max Born, Physicist & Nobel lauriate
  • Charles Darwin, Scientist
  • David Hume, Philosopher
  • James Hutton, Geologist
  • Sir Sean Connery, Actor
  • Tony Blair, PM of the UK